LESSON LXXV: Regular Verbs in MI, δίδωμι.

Conjugation of δίδωμι

699. Learn the conjugation of the present and second aorist systems of δίδωμι (δο), give.

Present Active Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδί-δω-μι
Second Person Singularδί-δω-ς
Third Person Singularδί-δω-σι
Second Person Dualδί-δο-τον
Third Person Dualδί-δο-τον
First Person Pluralδί-δο-μεν
Second Person Pluralδί-δο-τε
Third Person Pluralδι-δό-ᾶσι
Present Middle and Passive Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδί-δο-μαι
Second Person Singularδί-δο-σαι
Third Person Singularδί-δο-ται
Second Person Dualδί-δο-σθον
Third Person Dualδί-δο-σθον
First Person Pluralδι-δό-μεθα
Second Person Pluralδί-δο-σθε
Third Person Pluralδί-δο-νται
Imperfect Active Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularἐ-δί-δουν
Second Person Singularἐ-δί-δους
Third Person Singularἐ-δί-δου
Second Person Dualἐ-δί-δο-τον
Third Person Dualἐ-δι-δό-την
First Person Pluralἐ-δί-δο-μεν
Second Person Pluralἐ-δί-δο-τε
Third Person Pluralἐ-δί-δο-σαν
Imperfect Middle and Passive Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularἐ-δι-δό-μην
Second Person Singularἐ-δί-δο-σο
Third Person Singularἐ-δί-δο-το
Second Person Dualἐ-δί-δο-σθον
Third Person Dualἐ-δι-δό-σθην
First Person Pluralἐ-δι-δό-μεθα
Second Person Pluralἐ-δί-δο-σθε
Third Person Pluralἐ-δί-δο-ντο
Present Active Subjunctive of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδι-δῶ
Second Person Singularδι-δῷς
Third Person Singularδι-δῷ
Second Person Dualδι-δῶ-τον
Third Person Dualδι-δῶ-τον
First Person Pluralδι-δῶ-μεν
Second Person Pluralδι-δῶ-τε
Third Person Pluralδι-δῶσι
Present Middle and Passive Subjunctive of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδι-δῶ-μαι
Second Person Singularδι-δῷ
Third Person Singularδι-δῶ-ται
Second Person Dualδι-δῶ-σθον
Third Person Dualδι-δῶ-σθον
First Person Pluralδι-δώ-μεθα
Second Person Pluralδι-δῶ-σθε
Third Person Pluralδι-δῶ-νται
Present Active Optative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδι-δοίη-ν
Second Person Singularδι-δοίη-ς
Third Person Singularδι-δοίη
Second Person Dualδι-δοῖ-τον or δι-δοίη-τον
Third Person Dualδι-δοί-την or δι-δοιή-την
First Person Pluralδι-δοῖ-μεν or δι-δοίη-μεν
Second Person Pluralδι-δοῖ-τε or δι-δοίη-τε
Third Person Pluralδι-δοῖε-ν or δι-δοίη-σαν
Present Active Optative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδι-δοί-μην
Second Person Singularδι-δοῖ-ο
Third Person Singularδι-δοῖ-το
Second Person Dualδι-δοῖ-σθον
Third Person Dualδι-δοί-σθην
First Person Pluralδι-δοί-μεθα
Second Person Pluralδι-δοῖ-σθε
Third Person Pluralδι-δοῖ-ντο
Aorist Active Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularἔδωκα
Second Person Singularἔδωκας
Third Person Singularἔδωκε
Second Person Dualἔ-δο-τον
Third Person Dualἐ-δό-την
First Person Pluralἔ-δο-μεν
Second Person Pluralἔ-δο-τε
Third Person Pluralἔ-δο-σαν
Aorist Middle Indicative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularἐ-δό-μην
Second Person Singularἔ-δου
Third Person Singularἔ-δο-το
Second Person Dualἔ-δο-σθον
Third Person Dualἐ-δό-σθην
First Person Pluralἐ-δό-μεθα
Second Person Pluralἔ-δο-σθε
Third Person Pluralἔ-δο-ντο
Aorist Active Subjunctive of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδῶ
Second Person Singularδῷς
Third Person Singularδῷ
Second Person Dualδῶ-τον
Third Person Dualδῶ-τον
First Person Pluralδῶ-μεν
Second Person Pluralδῶ-τε
Third Person Pluralδῶσι
Aorist Middle Subjunctive of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδῶ-μαι
Second Person Singularδῷ
Third Person Singularδῶ-ται
Second Person Dualδῶ-σθον
Third Person Dualδῶ-σθον
First Person Pluralδώ-μεθα
Second Person Pluralδῶ-σθε
Third Person Pluralδῶ-νται
Aorist Active Optative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδοίη-ν
Second Person Singularδοίη-ς
Third Person Singularδοίη
Second Person Dualδοῖ-τον or δοίη-τον
Third Person Dualδοί-την or δοιή-την
First Person Pluralδοῖ-μεν or δοίη-μεν
Second Person Pluralδοῖ-τε or δοίη-τε
Third Person Pluralδοῖε-ν or δοίη-σαν
Aorist Middle and Passive Optative of δίδωμι (δο), GIVE
First Person Singularδοί-μην
Second Person Singularδοῖ-ο
Third Person Singularδοῖ-το
Second Person Dualδοῖ-σθον
Third Person Dualδοί-σθην
First Person Pluralδοί-μεθα
Second Person Pluralδοῖ-σθε
Third Person Pluralδοῖ-ντο

Notes on the Conjugation of δίδωμι

700. 1. In the singular of the present indicative active δο is lengthened to δω, and the third person plural ends in ᾱσι.

2. In the imperfect indicative active, ἐδίδουν, ἐδίδους, ἐδίδου are formed as if from a contract verb διδόω. Cf. ἐδήλουν, ἐδήλους, ἐδήλου (783). Similarly δίδου in the present imperative active. Cf. δήλου (783).

3. For the formation of the subjunctive and optative, see 694, 3 and 4, but here in the subjunctive ο + ῃ = ῳ, not οι (340).

4. The singular of the second aorist indicative active does not occur. It is supplied by the first aorist forms ἔδωκα, ἔδωκας, ἔδωκε, formed with the tense suffix κα for σα (148).

5. In the second aorist imperative active, δός is irregular, and the infinitive δοῦναι (for δο-εναι) is formed with the ending εναι.

6. The active participles διδούς and δούς are declined like λύων (754), except in the nominative singular masculine.


ἁλίσκομαι (ἁλ, ἁλο), ἁλώσομαι, ἑάλων and ἥλων, ἑάλωκα and ἥλωκαbe captured, taken, or caught, used as pass. to αἱρέω.
ἀνα-γιγνώσκωknow again, recognize, read.
γιγνώσκω (γνο), γνώσομαι, ἔγνων, ἔγνωκα, ἔγνωσμαι, ἐγνώσθηνknow, perceive, feel, experience, learn, think.
δίδωμι (δο), δώσω, ἔδωκα, δέδωκα, δέδομαι, ἐδόθηνgive, grant, permit.
κάνδυς, υος, ὁcaftan, a long outer garment.
παρα-δίδωμιpass along, give up, surrender, hand over.
πλέω (πλυ), πλεύσομαι and πλευσοῦμαι, ἔπλευσα, πέπλευκα, πέπλευσμαιsail.
προ-δίδωμιgive over, betray, abandon.
στέφανος, ου, ὁcrown, wreath, chaplet, garland.
χρῡσο-χάλῑνος, ον (χρῡσός, gold + χάλῑνος, bridle) with gold mounted bridle.

α. Although not μι-verbs, ἁλίσκομαι and γιγνώσκω have second aorists of the μι-form.


1. ἀναγνοὺς τὴν ἐπιστολὴν ἔδωκε Σωκράτει.
2. Κῦρος δὲ ἐκείνῳ δίδωσιν ἵππον χρῡσοχάλῑνον καὶ κάνδυν.
3. ἠρώτων ἐκεῖνοι εἰ δοῖεν ἂν τούτων τὰ πιστά.
4. ὑμῶν δὲ τῶν Ἑλλήνων καὶ στέφανον ἑκάστῳ χρῡσοῦν δώσω.
5. καὶ δοῦναι καὶ λαβεῖν πιστὰ ἐθέλομεν.
6. καὶ εὐθὺς ἔγνωσαν πάντες ὅτι ἐγγύς ἐστι βασιλεύς.
7. ἐπὶ Σάρδεις οὐ πλευσοῦνται, ἐὰν μὴ αὐτοῖς χρήματα διδῶτε.
8. καὶ ἵπποι ἥλωσαν εἰς1 εἴκοσι, καὶ ἡ σκηνὴ ἑάλω.
9. τῇ γὰρ πρόσθεν ἡμέρᾳ πέμπων βασιλεὺς τὰ ὅπλα παραδιδόναι ἐκέλευεν.
10. ἀνάγκη2 δή μοι ὑμᾶς προδόντα3 τῇ Κύρου φιλίᾳ χρῆσθαι.
11. πρὸς δὲ βασιλέᾱ πέμπων ἠξίου Κῦρος ἀδελφὸς ὢν4 αὐτοῦ δοθῆναι οἷ5 ταύτᾱς τὰς πόλεις μᾶλλον ἢ Τισσαφέρνην ἄρχειν αὐτῶν.

NOTES.—1 about.—2 Sc. ἐστί.—3 In agreement with μέ, the unexpressed subject of χρῆσθαι.—4 The participle expresses cause (495, 2).— 5 see 437 and 435.

704. Clearchus refuses. The Barbarians’ Advance.

ὁρῶν δὲ ὁ Κλέαρχος τὸ μέσον στῖφος καὶ ἀκούων βασιλέᾱ τοῦ εὐωνύμου ἔξω ὄντα οὐκ ἤθελεν ἀποσπάσαι ἀπὸ τοῦ ποταμοῦ τὸ δεξιὸν κέρας, φοβούμενος μὴ κυκλωθείη ἑκατέρωθεν, τῷ δὲ Κύρῳ ἀπεκρίνατο ὅτι αὐτῷ μέλοι ὅπως καλῶς ἔχοι. καὶ ἐν τούτῳ τῷ καιρῷ βασιλεὺς μὲν σὺν τῷ ἑαυτοῦ στρατεύματι προσέρχεται, τὸ δὲ Ἑλληνικὸν ἔτι ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ μένον συντάττεται. καὶ ὁ Κῦρος παρελαύνων οὐ πάνυ πρὸς αὐτῷ τῷ στρατεύματι κατεθεᾶτο ἑκατέρωσε ἀποβλέπων εἴς τε τοὺς πολεμίους καὶ τοὺς φίλους.

NOTES.—1. ὁρῶν . . . στῖφος: although he saw the compact body at the centre, i.e. the 6000 cavalry mentioned in 618.—ἀκούων: also concessive.— 2. βασιλέᾱ . . . ὄντα: what he heard was, βασιλεὺς τοῦ εὐωνύμου (i.e. τοῦ Κύρου) ἔξω ἐστί. see 628. See also No. 56.—4. ὅτι . . . ἔχοι: his answer was, ἐμοὶ μέλει ὅπως καλῶς ἔχῃ, it is my concern that all shall be well. See 663.—8. οὐ πάνυ πρός: not very near.—κατεθεᾶτο: was surveying the field. —ἑκατέρωσε ἀποβλέπων: looking in each direction.