Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero


Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero
By Frank Frost Abbott
Boston Ginn and Co. 1909



Perseus Documents Collection Table of Contents



Preface

Abbreviations Used Most Frequently in the Introduction and Commentary

Cicero's Public Life and Contemporary Politics.
   Cicero's Early Life and the Cursus Honorum.
(Aet. 1-44. B.C. 106-63. Epist. I.-II.)

   Cicero, Clodius, and the Triumvirs.
(Aet. 45-48. B.C. 62-59. Epist. III.-IX.)

   Cicero's Banishment and Recall.
(Aet. 49-50. B.C. 58-57. Epist. X.-XIV.)

   Under the Triumvirate.
(Aet. 51-55. B.C. 56-52. Epist. XV.-Epist. XXVIII.)

   The Proconsulship.
(Aet. 56-57. B.C. 51-50. Epist. XXIX.-XLI.)

   Caesar or Pompey?
(Aet. 58-59. B.C. 49-48. Epist. XLII.-LIII.)

   Under Caesar's Government.
(Aet. 60-62. B.C. 47-45. Epist. LIV.-LXXXIV.)

   Cicero and the Liberatores
(Aet. 63-64. B.C. 44-43. Epist. LXXXV.-C.)

The Private Life of Cicero.

Cicero's Family and Friends.
   Terentia and Publilia.
   Tullia.
   Marcus Tullius Cicero filius.
   Quintus Tullius Cicero.
   Publius Cornelius Dolabella.
   Marcus Tullius Tiro
   Titus Pomponius Atticus.

Letter Writing.

Cicero's Correspondence and its First Publication.

Language and Style.
   Lexicography and Orthography.
   Syntax.
   Style.

Letter I: ad Atticum 1.1

Letter II: ad Atticum 1.2

Letter III: ad familiares 5.7

Letter IV: ad familiares 7.23

Letter V: ad Atticum 1.16

Letter VI: ad Atticum 1.17

Letter VII: ad Atticum 2.19

Letter VIII: ad Atticum 2.22

Letter IX: ad Atticum 2.23

Letter X: ad Atticum 3.4

Letter XI: ad familiares 14.4

Letter XII: ad Atticum 3.12

Letter XIII: ad familiares 14.2

Letter XIV: ad Atticum 3.22

Letter XV: ad Atticum 4.1

Letter XVI: ad Quintum fratrem 2.3

Letter XVII: ad Atticum 4.4b

Letter XVIII: ad familiares 5.12

Letter XIX: ad familiares 7.1

Letter XX: ad Quintum fratrem 2.9

Letter XXI: ad familiares 7.5

Letter XXII: ad Quintum fratrem 2.15

Letter XXIII: ad Quintum fratrem 3.5

Letter XXIV: ad familiares 7.16

Letter XXV: ad familiares 7.10

Letter XXVI: ad familiares 7.18

Letter XXVII: ad familiares 16.16

Letter XXVIII: ad familiares 7.15

Letter XXIX: ad familiares 3.2

Letter XXX: ad Atticum 5.1

Letter XXXI: ad familiares 8.1

Letter XXXII: ad familiares 13.1

Letter XXXIII: ad familiares 2.8

Letter XXXIV: ad familiares 15.4

Letter XXXV: ad Atticum 6.1

Letter XXXVI: ad familiares 2.11

Letter XXXVII: ad familiares 15.15

Letter XXXVIII: ad familiares 15.6

Letter XXXIX: ad familiares 16.4

Letter XL: ad familiares 16.6

Letter XLI: ad familiares 16.9

Letter XLII: ad familiares 16.11

Letter XLIII: ad familiares 14.14

Letter XLIV: ad Atticum 8.12d

Letter XLV: ad Atticum 8.3

Letter XLVI: ad Atticum 8.13

Letter XLVII: ad Atticum 9.6a

Letter XLVIII: ad familiares 8.15

Letter XLIX: ad Atticum 9.11a

Letter L: ad familiares 8.16

Letter LI: ad familiares 2.16

Letter LII: ad familiares 9.9

Letter LIII: ad familiares 14.12

Letter LIV: ad familiares 14.19

Letter LV: ad familiares 14.17

Letter LVI: ad familiares 14.8

Letter LVII: ad familiares 14.11

Letter LVIII: ad familiares 14.15

Letter LIX: ad familiares 14.20

Letter LX: ad familiares 9.1

Letter LXI: ad familiares 9.16

Letter LXII: ad familiares 9.18

Letter LXIII: ad familiares 9.20

Letter LXIV: ad familiares 9.17

Letter LXV: ad familiares 6.6

Letter LXVI: ad familiares 6.14

Letter LXVII: ad familiares 9.15

Letter LXVIII: ad Atticum 12.11

Letter LXIX: ad Atticum 12.1

Letter LXX: ad familiares 15.17

Letter LXXI: ad familiares 13.72

Letter LXXII: ad Atticum 12.16

Letter LXXIII: ad familiares 9.11

Letter LXXIV: ad Atticum 12.32

Letter LXXV: ad familiares 4.5

Letter LXXVI: ad familiares 4.6

Letter LXXVII: ad familiares 5.14

Letter LXXVIII: ad familiares 4.12

Letter LXXIX: ad familiares 5.15

Letter LXXX: ad familiares 9.8

Letter LXXXI: ad familiares 7.24

Letter LXXXII: ad familiares 7.25

Letter LXXXIII: ad Atticum 13.52

Letter LXXXIV: ad familiares 13.50

Letter LXXXV: ad familiares 6.15

Letter LXXXVI: ad familiares 11.1

Letter LXXXVII: ad familiares 9.14

Letter LXXXVIII: ad Atticum 15.11

Letter LXXXIX: ad familiares 7.22

Letter XC: ad familiares 16.21

Letter XCI: ad familiares 11.27

Letter XCII: ad familiares 11.28

Letter XCIII: ad familiares 16.26

Letter XCIV: ad familiares 9.24

Letter XCV: ad familiares 12.5

Letter XCVI: ad familiares 10.12

Letter XCVII: ad familiares 11.9

Letter XCVIII: ad familiares 10.15

Letter XCIX: ad familiares 11.12

Letter C: ad familiares 10.24

Preface

Abbreviations Used Most Frequently in the Introduction and Commentary

Cicero's Public Life and Contemporary Politics.
   Cicero's Early Life and the Cursus Honorum.
(Aet. 1-44. B.C. 106-63. Epist. I.-II.)

   Cicero, Clodius, and the Triumvirs.
(Aet. 45-48. B.C. 62-59. Epist. III.-IX.)

   Cicero's Banishment and Recall.
(Aet. 49-50. B.C. 58-57. Epist. X.-XIV.)

   Under the Triumvirate.
(Aet. 51-55. B.C. 56-52. Epist. XV.-Epist. XXVIII.)

   The Proconsulship.
(Aet. 56-57. B.C. 51-50. Epist. XXIX.-XLI.)

   Caesar or Pompey?
(Aet. 58-59. B.C. 49-48. Epist. XLII.-LIII.)

   Under Caesar's Government.
(Aet. 60-62. B.C. 47-45. Epist. LIV.-LXXXIV.)

   Cicero and the Liberatores
(Aet. 63-64. B.C. 44-43. Epist. LXXXV.-C.)

The Private Life of Cicero.

Cicero's Family and Friends.
   Terentia and Publilia.
   Tullia.
   Marcus Tullius Cicero filius.
   Quintus Tullius Cicero.
   Publius Cornelius Dolabella.
   Marcus Tullius Tiro
   Titus Pomponius Atticus.

Letter Writing.

Cicero's Correspondence and its First Publication.

Language and Style.
   Lexicography and Orthography.
   Syntax.
   Style.

Letter I: ad Atticum 1.1

Letter II: ad Atticum 1.2

Letter III: ad familiares 5.7

Letter IV: ad familiares 7.23

Letter V: ad Atticum 1.16

Letter VI: ad Atticum 1.17

Letter VII: ad Atticum 2.19

Letter VIII: ad Atticum 2.22

Letter IX: ad Atticum 2.23

Letter X: ad Atticum 3.4

Letter XI: ad familiares 14.4

Letter XII: ad Atticum 3.12

Letter XIII: ad familiares 14.2

Letter XIV: ad Atticum 3.22

Letter XV: ad Atticum 4.1

Letter XVI: ad Quintum fratrem 2.3

Letter XVII: ad Atticum 4.4b

Letter XVIII: ad familiares 5.12

Letter XIX: ad familiares 7.1

Letter XX: ad Quintum fratrem 2.9

Letter XXI: ad familiares 7.5

Letter XXII: ad Quintum fratrem 2.15

Letter XXIII: ad Quintum fratrem 3.5

Letter XXIV: ad familiares 7.16

Letter XXV: ad familiares 7.10

Letter XXVI: ad familiares 7.18

Letter XXVII: ad familiares 16.16

Letter XXVIII: ad familiares 7.15

Letter XXIX: ad familiares 3.2

Letter XXX: ad Atticum 5.1

Letter XXXI: ad familiares 8.1

Letter XXXII: ad familiares 13.1

Letter XXXIII: ad familiares 2.8

Letter XXXIV: ad familiares 15.4

Letter XXXV: ad Atticum 6.1

Letter XXXVI: ad familiares 2.11

Letter XXXVII: ad familiares 15.15

Letter XXXVIII: ad familiares 15.6

Letter XXXIX: ad familiares 16.4

Letter XL: ad familiares 16.6

Letter XLI: ad familiares 16.9

Letter XLII: ad familiares 16.11

Letter XLIII: ad familiares 14.14

Letter XLIV: ad Atticum 8.12d

Letter XLV: ad Atticum 8.3

Letter XLVI: ad Atticum 8.13

Letter XLVII: ad Atticum 9.6a

Letter XLVIII: ad familiares 8.15

Letter XLIX: ad Atticum 9.11a

Letter L: ad familiares 8.16

Letter LI: ad familiares 2.16

Letter LII: ad familiares 9.9

Letter LIII: ad familiares 14.12

Letter LIV: ad familiares 14.19

Letter LV: ad familiares 14.17

Letter LVI: ad familiares 14.8

Letter LVII: ad familiares 14.11

Letter LVIII: ad familiares 14.15

Letter LIX: ad familiares 14.20

Letter LX: ad familiares 9.1

Letter LXI: ad familiares 9.16

Letter LXII: ad familiares 9.18

Letter LXIII: ad familiares 9.20

Letter LXIV: ad familiares 9.17

Letter LXV: ad familiares 6.6

Letter LXVI: ad familiares 6.14

Letter LXVII: ad familiares 9.15

Letter LXVIII: ad Atticum 12.11

Letter LXIX: ad Atticum 12.1

Letter LXX: ad familiares 15.17

Letter LXXI: ad familiares 13.72

Letter LXXII: ad Atticum 12.16

Letter LXXIII: ad familiares 9.11

Letter LXXIV: ad Atticum 12.32

Letter LXXV: ad familiares 4.5

Letter LXXVI: ad familiares 4.6

Letter LXXVII: ad familiares 5.14

Letter LXXVIII: ad familiares 4.12

Letter LXXIX: ad familiares 5.15

Letter LXXX: ad familiares 9.8

Letter LXXXI: ad familiares 7.24

Letter LXXXII: ad familiares 7.25

Letter LXXXIII: ad Atticum 13.52

Letter LXXXIV: ad familiares 13.50

Letter LXXXV: ad familiares 6.15

Letter LXXXVI: ad familiares 11.1

Letter LXXXVII: ad familiares 9.14

Letter LXXXVIII: ad Atticum 15.11

Letter LXXXIX: ad familiares 7.22

Letter XC: ad familiares 16.21

Letter XCI: ad familiares 11.27

Letter XCII: ad familiares 11.28

Letter XCIII: ad familiares 16.26

Letter XCIV: ad familiares 9.24

Letter XCV: ad familiares 12.5

Letter XCVI: ad familiares 10.12

Letter XCVII: ad familiares 11.9

Letter XCVIII: ad familiares 10.15

Letter XCIX: ad familiares 11.12

Letter C: ad familiares 10.24


Funded by The Annenberg CPB/Project

Letter XIII: ad familiares 14.2

  [sect. 2]

Pisonem nostrum: cf. Intr. 53. He worked devotedly to prevent Cicero's exile, and afterwards to secure his recall; cf. Fam. 14.1.4; 14.3. 3.-in novis tr. p1.: the new tribunes would come into office Dec.10, and had all promised to help Cicero. One of the number was Milo, leader of the 'physical force' section of the senatonal party.

voluntas erit: sc. firma.

Crassum: cf. Ep. VIII.5n.

P. Valerius: mentioned several times in the Letters, but little is known of him.

a (sc. templo) Vestae: cf. the English expression 'from St. Paul's.' This ellipsis of templum or aedes between the preposition and the genitive of the name of a divinity, according to C. F. W. Mller, appears first in Ter. Ad. 582. ' It belongs, therefore, to the colloquial language of the Scipionic circle, and must be considered rather familiar than vulgar or archaic.' Cf. ad Opis, Att. 14.14.5; ad Apollinis, Ep. XVI. 3; ad Vestae, Hor. Sat. 1.9.35. Somewhat similar is ad L. Tondei (domum) vorsu, C. L. L. 1.1143. See also Intr. 95 and Arch. f. lat. Lex. 11.368. Terentia's half-sister Fabia was a Vestal virgin, and Terentia had probably taken refuge with her.

ad tabulam Valeriam: Pliny, N. H. 35.22, quoted by Hofmann, tells us that there was a painting upon the side wall of the Curia Hostilia, executed by the order of M.' Valerius Maximus to celebrate his victories. Near this painting (the Tabula Valeria) there was probably a banker's stall, to which Terentia was forced to come to make an affidavit with reference to her property, or possibly to secure a loan.

hem: a colloquial word, to be distinguished from the demonstrative particle em. It expresses joy, astonishment, or, as here, grief. It is frequent in comedy; cf. Ter. And. 383, 420, 462. and see Intr. 92.

mea lux, meum desiderium: cf. Fam. 14.5. 1 Si tu et Tullia, lux nostra, valetis; Ep. XI. 6 mea Terentia, fidissima atque optima uxor; Fam. 14.5.2 vos, mea suavissima et optatissima Terentia. Cf. Intr. 49, 52.

unde [gap in text] solebant: as they hoped to win Cicero's legal or political support through her intercession.

iacere, etc.: cf. Ep. XII. 3 eodem in loco iaceo, etc. The infinitives vexari, etc., are exclamatory.

qui ceteros, etc.: the execution of Lentulus and his fellow-conspirators, by which Cicero had saved Roman citizens from murder and arson, was the pretext for his banishment.