LESSON 6: A-Declension—Feminines in α.


In this chapter, you will learn the how to decline first declension feminine nouns that end in alpha. You should learn and practice this drill form and complete the exercises below before moving on to the next chapter.

Paradigms for A-Declension—Feminines in α.

61. A few feminines end in α (short). This α appears only in the nominative, accusative, and vocative singular. The genitive and dative have ᾱ, if ε, ι, or ρ precedes, otherwise η.


γέφῡρα (Bridge)
Nominative and Vocative Singularγέφῡρα
Genitive Singularγεφύρᾱς
Dative Singularγεφύρᾳ
Accusative Singularγέφῡραν
Nominative, Accusative and Vocative Dualγεφύρᾱ
Genitive and Dative Dualγεφύραιν
Nominative and Vocative Pluralγέφῡραι
Genitive Pluralγεφῡρῶν
Dative Pluralγεφύραις
Accusative Pluralγεφύρᾱς
θάλαττα (Sea)
Nominative and Vocative Singularθάλαττα
Genitive Singularθαλάττης
Dative Singularθαλάττῃ
Accusative Singularθάλατταν
Nominative, Accusative and Vocative Dualθαλάττᾱ
Genitive and Dative Dualθαλάτταιν
Nominative and Vocative Pluralθάλατται
Genitive Pluralθαλαττῶν
Dative Pluralθαλάτταις
Accusative Pluralθαλάττᾱς
μάχαιρα ἀγαθή (A Good Sabre)
Nominative and Vocative Singularμάχαιρα ἀγαθή
Genitive Singularμαχαίρᾱς ἀγαθῆς
Dative Singularμαχαίρᾳ ἀγαθῇ
Accusative Singularμάχαιραν ἀγαθήν
Nominative, Accusative and Vocative Dualμαχαίρᾱ ἀγαθά
Genitive and Dative Dualμαχαίραιν ἀγαθαῖν
Nominative and Vocative Pluralμάχαιραι ἀγαθαί
Genitive Pluralμαχαιρῶν ἀγαθῶν
Dative Pluralμαχαίραις ἀγαθαῖς
Accusative Pluralμαχαίρᾱς ἀγαθάς

α. For the accent, see 35, 21, 39.


ἅμαξα, ης, ἡwagon.
ἀγαθήadj., good, brave.
γέφῡρα, ᾱς, ἡbridge.
εἰςprep. with acc., into, to (a proclitic).
ἐπίprep.: with gen., on, upon; with dat., on, by, at; with acc., upon, to, against.
στενήadj., narrow.
θάλαττα, ης, ἡ, sea.
μάχαιρα, ης, ἡknife, sabre. (cf. μάχη);
πέλτη, ης, ήshield, target.
τράπεζα, ης, ἡtable.


1. ἡ θάλαττα στενὴ ἦν.
2. ἔχει οἰκίᾱς ἐπὶ τῇ θαλάττῃ;
3. τραπέζᾱς ἐπὶ τῶν ἁμαξῶν ἄγετε.
4. εἰς τὴν ἀγορὰν πέμπουσιν ἁμάξᾱς.
5. ἐπὶ τῇ γεφύρᾳ φυλακὴν ἔχει ἀγαθήν.
6. πέλτᾱς ἔχομεν καὶ μαχαίρᾱς ἀγαθάς.
7. ἐπὶ τὴν θάλατταν οὐκ ἄγω τὴν φυλακήν.
8. πέμπεις μαχαίρᾱς τῇ στρατιᾷ;
9. ἐπὶ τὴν γέφῡραν οὐκ ἄγει τὴν στρατιάν.
10. τὴν χώρᾱν ἁρπάζεις ἐκ θαλάττης εἰς θάλατταν.