LESSON XXXV: Contract Verbs in the Subjunctive.

Contract Verbs in the Subjunctive: Paradigms

339. Learn the conjugation of the present subjunctive active, middle, and passive of τῑμάω, ποιέω, and δηλόω.

Present Active Subjunctive of τῑμάω
First Person Singular(τῑμάω) τῑμῶ
Second Person Singular(τῑμάῃς) τῑμᾷς
Third Person Singular(τῑμάῃ) τῑμᾷ
Second Person Dual(τῑμάητον) τῑμᾶτον
Third Person Dual(τῑμάητον) τῑμᾶτον
First Person Plural(τῑμάωμεν) τῑμῶμεν
Second Person Plural(τῑμάητε) τῑμᾶτε
Third Person Plural(τῑμάωσι) τῑμῶσι
Present Middle Subjunctive of τῑμάω
First Person Singular(τῑμάωμαι) τῑμῶμαι
Second Person Singular(τῑμάῃ) τῑμᾷ
Third Person Singular(τῑμάηται) τῑμᾶται
Second Person Dual(τῑμάησθον) τῑμᾶσθον
Third Person Dual(τῑμάησθον) τῑμᾶσθον
First Person Plural(τῑμαώμεθα) τῑμώμεθα
Second Person Plural(τῑμάησθε) τῑμᾶσθε
Third Person Plural(τῑμάωνται) τῑμῶνται
Present Active Subjunctive of ποιέω
First Person Singular(ποιέω) ποιῶ
Second Person Singular(ποιέῃς) ποιῇς
Third Person Singular(ποιέῃ) ποιῇ
Second Person Dual(ποιέητον) ποιῆτον
Third Person Dual(ποιέητον) ποιῆτον
First Person Plural(ποιέωμεν) ποιῶμεν
Second Person Plural(ποιέητε) ποιῆτε
Third Person Plural(ποιέωσι) ποιῶσι
Present Middle Subjunctive of ποιέω
First Person Singular(ποιέωμαι) ποιῶμαι
Second Person Singular(ποιέῃ) ποιῇ
Third Person Singular(ποιέηται) ποιῆται
Second Person Dual(ποιέησθον) ποιῆσθον
Third Person Dual(ποιέησθον) ποιῆσθον
First Person Plural(ποιεώμεθα) ποιώμεθα
Second Person Plural(ποιέησθε) ποιῆσθε
Third Person Plural(ποιέωνται) ποιῶνται
Present Active Subjunctive of δηλόω
First Person Singular(δηλόω) δηλῶ
Second Person Singular(δηλόῃς) δηλοῖς
Third Person Singular(δηλόῃ) δηλοῖ
Second Person Dual(δηλόητον) δηλῶτον
Third Person Dual(δηλόητον) δηλῶτον
First Person Plural(δηλόωμεν) δηλῶμεν
Second Person Plural(δηλόητε) δηλῶτε
Third Person Plural(δηλόωσι) δηλῶσι
Present Middle Subjunctive of δηλόω
First Person Singular(δηλόωμαι) δηλῶμαι
Second Person Singular(δηλόῃ) δηλοῖ
Third Person Singular(δηλόηται) δηλῶται
Second Person Dual(δηλόησθον) δηλῶσθον
Third Person Dual(δηλόησθον) δηλῶσθον
First Person Plural(δηλοώμεθα) δηλώμεθα
Second Person Plural(δηλόησθε) δηλῶσθε
Third Person Plural(δηλόωνται) δηλῶνται

Rules of Contraction

340. Observe that

(1)α + ω = ω;α + η =ᾱ;α + ῃ =ᾳ;
(2)ε + ω = ω;ε + η = η;ε + ῃ = ῃ;
(3)ο + ω = ω;ο + η = ω;ο + ῃ = οι.


833. Any verb whose meaning permits it may take an accusative of kindred signification. This accusative repeats the idea already contained in the verb, and may follow intransitive as well as transitive verbs. It is called the cognate accusative. Thus, πολεμεῖ ἄδικον πόλεμον, he wages an unjust war, τί σε ἠδίκησα; what wrong have I done you?

860. Certain intransitive verbs take the dative, many of which in English may have a direct object without to. The verbs of this class which are not translated with to in English are chiefly those signifying to benefit, serve, obey, defend, assist, please, trust, satisfy, advise, exhort, or any of their opposites; also those expressing friendliness, hostility, blame, abuse, reproach, envy, anger, threats. Thus, οἱ πρόσθεν ἡμῖν βοηθήσαντες, those who have previously helped us, πείθεται τῷ στρατηγῷ, he obeys his commander, πιστεύουσι τῷ Κύρῳ, they trust Cyrus, παρεκελεύοντο ἀλλήλοις, they exhorted one another, ὠργίζοντο ἰσχῡρῶς τῷ Κλεάρχῳ, they were excessively angry with Clearchus.

** The present infinitive of εἰμί is εἶναι.


ἀ-μαχεί (ἀ neg. + μάχη)adv., without fighting.
ἀργύριον, ου, τό (cf. ἀργυροῦς)silver money, money.
ἐθέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα, ἠθέληκαbe willing, wish.
ἕπομαι (σεπ), ἕψομαι, ἑσπόμηνfollow, accompany.
κατ-άγωbring back, restore.
λοιπός, ή, όν (cf. λείπω)remaining; with the art., the rest.
νῦνadv., now, just now.
παρα-καλέωcall to one’s side, summon.
φυγάς, άδος, ὁ (cf. φεύγω)fugitive, exile.


1. ἐὰν δὲ τοὺς στρατιώτᾱς ἀδικῇ, οὐκ ἐθελήσομεν ἕπεσθαι.
2. φοβοῦνται μὴ τοὺς Κύρου φίλους πειρᾶσθε κακῶς ποιεῖν.
3. ἐὰν δὲ τούτους νῑκῶμεν, πάντες ἕψονται.
4. ἐρωτῶμεν τὸν ἄγγελον εἰ τὸ ἀργύριον ἔχει.
5. φοβεῖται μὴ πειρῶνται κατάγειν τοὺς φυγάδας.
6. ἐν τῷ φανερῷ λέξει ἵνα πᾶσι δηλοῖ τί (what) ἐν νῷ ἔχει.
7. ἐὰν τὸ στράτευμα ἀποχωρῇ τῆς νυκτός, ἕψονται οἱ πολέμιοι.
8. ἢν δὲ τοὺς ἄλλους στρατιώτᾱς παρακαλῆτε, πειράσονται πάντες ἀγαθοὶ εἶναι1.
9. ἢν δὲ Κῦρος ἐᾷ τὸν Κλέαρχον τοὺς στρατιώτᾱς ἔχειν, οὐκέτι συμπορεύσονται οἱ ἄλλοι στρατηγοί.
10. ἐᾱν νῦν τοὺς φίλους παρακαλῶμεν, ἀμαχεὶ τὴν λοιπὴν ὁδὸν2 πορευσόμεθα.

NOTES. —1 to be.2 A cognate accusative (833). —3 with the help of, σύν.

344. The real Object of the Expedition is disclosed.

ἐνταῦθα μένουσιν ἡμέρᾱς πέντε, καὶ τοῖς στρατηγοῖς τοῖς Ἑλληνικοῖς Κῦρος λέγει ὅτι ἡ ὁδὸς ἔσται πρὸς τὸν Ἀρταξέρξην εἰς Βαβυλῶνα· καὶ κελεύει αὐτοὺς λέγειν ταῦτα τοῖς στρατιώταις καὶ πείθειν ἕπεσθαι. οἱ δὲ στρατιῶται χαλεπαίνουσι τοῖς στρατηγοῖς, καὶ οὐκ ἐθέλουσιν ἕπεσθαι ἐὰν μὴ Κῦρος αὐτοῖς χρήματα διδῷ ὥσπερ καὶ πρότερον. ταῦτα οἱ στρατηγοὶ Κύρῳ ἔλεγον· ὁ δ᾿ ὑπισχνεῖται στρατιώτῃ ἑκάστῳ πέντε ἀργυρίου μνᾶς ἐπὴν εἰς Βαβυλῶνα ἥκωσι. τὸ μὲν δὴ Ἑλληνικὸν οὕτως ἐπείσθη.

NOTES. —5. στρατηγοῖς: dative of indirect object after χαλεπαίνουσι (860). —6. διδῷ: give, third singular present subjunctive of δίδωμι. — 7. πρότερον: preniously, an adverb in the comparative (cf. πρό). —8. ἐπήν whenever, followed by the subjunctive, like ἐάν.