| [p. 336]brought toward one another,
binding on sponges and applying them, beginning from the sound parts
and advancing to the ulcer by degrees. But plenty of leaves are to
be bound above the sponge. When the parts are prevented from coming
together by a piece of flesh full of humors, it is to be removed.
When the ulcer is deep seated in the flesh, it is swelled up, both
from the bandaging and the compression. Such an ulcer should be cut
up upon a director (specillum) if possible, at the proper time, so
as to admit a free discharge of the matter, and then the proper treatment
is to be applied as may be needed. For the most part, in every hollow
ulcer which can be seen into which can be seen into direct without
being any swelling present, if there be putrefaction in it, or if
the flesh be flabby and putrid, such an ulcer, and the parts which
surround it, will be seen to be black and somewhat livid. And of corroding
ulcers, those which are phagedaenic, spread and corrode most powerfully,
and, in this case, the parts surrounding the sore will have a black
and sub-livid appearance.
Cataplasms for swellings and inflammation in the surrounding parts.
Boiled mullein, the raw leaves of the trefoil, and the boiled leaves
of the epipetrum, and the poley, and if the ulcer stand in need of
cleansing, all these things also cleanse; and likewise the leaves
of the fig-tree, and of the olive, and the horehound, all these are
to be boiled; and more especially the chaste-tree, and the fig, and
the olive, and the leaves of the pomegranate are to be boiled in like
manner. These are to be used raw: and the leaves of the mallow pounded
with wine, and the leaves of rue, and those of the green origany.
With all these, linseed is to be boiled up and mixed by pounding it
as a very fine powder. When there is danger of erysipelas seizing
the ulcers, the leaves of woad are to be pounded and applied raw in
a cataplasm along with linseed, or the linseed is to be moistened
with the juice of strychnos or of woad, and applied as a cataplasm.
When the ulcer is clean, but both it and the surrounding parts are
inflamed, lentil is to be boiled in wine and finely triturated, and,
being mixed with a little oil, it is to be applied as a cataplasm;
and the leaves of the hip-tree are to be boiled in water and pounded
in a fine powder and made into a cataplasm; and apply below a thin,