| [p. 107]those who have heaviness of the whole head, cardialgia and nausea,
vomit bilious and pituitous matters; children, in such affections,
are generally attacked with convulsions, and women have these and
also pains of the uterus; whereas, in elder persons, and those in
whom the heat is already more subdued, these cases end in paralysis,
mania, and loss of sight.
Section III. -- Third Constitution
In Thasus, a little before and during the season of Arcturus, there
were frequent and great rains, with northerly winds. About the equinox,
and till the setting of the Pleiades, there were a few southerly rains:
the winter northerly and parched, cold, with great winds and snow.
Great storms about the equinox, the spring northerly, dryness, rains
few and cold. About the summer solstice, scanty rains, and great cold
until near the season of the Dog-star. After the Dog-days, until the
season of Arcturus, the summer hot, great droughts, not in intervals,
but continued and severe: no rain; the Etesian winds blew; about the
season of Arcturus southerly rains until the equinox.
In this state of things, during winter, paraplegia set in, and
attacked many, and some died speedily; and otherwise the disease prevailed
much in an epidemical form, but persons remained free from all other
diseases. Early in the spring, ardent fevers commenced and continued
through the summer until the equinox. Those then that were attacked
immediately after the commencement of the spring and summer, for the
most part recovered, and but few of them died. But when the autumn
and the rains had set in, they were of a fatal character, and the
greater part then died. When in these attacks of ardent fevers there
was a proper and copious hemorrhage from the nose, they were generally
saved by it, and I do not know a single person who had a proper hemorrhage
who died in this constitution. Philiscus, Epaminon, and Silenus, indeed,
who had a trifling epistaxis on the fourth and fifth day, died. Most
of those taken with had a rigor about the time of the crisis, and
notably those who had no hemorrhage; these had also rigor associated.
Some were attacked with jaundice on the sixth day, but these were